Dignidad humana


La fuerza de Sócrates

La fuerza de Sócrates
La Razón 28/09/07
Jose Ignacio Moreno. Profesor Titular de Filosofía

Al conocer que la asignatura de Filosofía del Bachillerato iba a fundirse con la de Ciudadanía, al menos en uno de los dos cursos, recordé la «Apología de Sócrates». En esta obra inolvidable, Platón nos cuenta cómo su maestro -incisivo tábano para la corrupta democracia ateniense-, fue condenado a muerte bajo la acusación de «corruptor de menores». Tal «corrupción» consistía en enseñar desinteresadamente a la juventud que existe la verdad, el bien, la virtud; y que una vida al margen del respeto a la dignidad y a la naturaleza humana no merece la pena ser vivida. Palabras de grave incorrección política que sacaron de sus casillas a políticos corruptos y condescendientes con la fuerza mayoritaria del momento. Sin embargo fue Sócrates quien dio una universal lección de civismo y no sus tristes acusadores. Asimilar la Ética a la Ciudadanía, en la ESO, supone un previo error. Son las escuelas filosóficas las que pueden hablar de Ética, no la interpretación gubernamental de lo que es la democracia. Ciudadanía, en Bachillerato, pretenderá tener una orientación sociológica y descriptiva respecto a la actividad democrática. Es probable que interprete la laicidad como el exilio de la dimensión trascendente del hombre de la vida pública. También sería probable la explicación del hecho religioso, tras dejar a la Religión en la cuneta del currículum. Se suprimirá la metafísica con su «funesta pasión por la verdad». Hay gobernantes que confunden la libertad personal ciudadana con una corrección política vertical. La Filosofía tiene ahora la oportunidad de adocenarse de un modo humillante o de recuperar la fuerza de Sócrates.

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